Greek mythology N-ZN - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - X - Z
In Greek mythology, the Na'iads were nymphs of fountains and brooks.
In Greek mythology, Narcissus was a beautiful youth who rejected the love of the nymph Echo and was condemned to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool. He pined away and in the place where he died a flower sprang up that was named after him.
Neptune was the Roman name for the Greek god Poseidon.
In Greek mythology, Nereus was a sea god. He was a son of Pontys and Gaea.
In Greek mythology, Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus and wife of Amphion, the king of Thebes. She was contemptuous of the goddess Leto for having produced only two children, Apollo and Artemis. She died of grief when her own 12 offspring were killed by them in revenge, and was changed to stone by Zeus.
Ocypete was one of the harpies.
Odysseus was a Greek hero. He devised the strategy of the wooden horse used by the Greeks to conquer Troy.
Oedipus was the son of Laius. The Delphic oracle foretold that Laius would be killed by his son, so Oedipus was abandoned on mount Cithaeron with a nail through his feet. However, he was found by a shepherd and raised by Polybus. Hearing that he would kill his father, Oedipus left Corinth and met Laius on his travel. He killed him in an argument not knowing who he was.
In Greek mythology, Oeonus was a son of Licymnius. He was attacked by a dog belonging to the sons of Hippocoon, he threw a stone at the dog and in revenge the sons of Hippocoon killed him.
In Greek mythology Oneiros was one form of the god of dreams (the other being Morpheus). Oneiros was properly a personification of dreams, whether idle or deceptive or really prophetic. Dreams of the former class were supposed to issue from the ivory gates, those of the latter class from the horn gate, of the palace where they were kept, beside the Western Oceanus. He was called a child of Night, sometimes a child of Sleep, and was directly under the control of the superior order of gods, who, as they pleased, dispatched deceptive or prophetic dreams to men.
The oreades were mountain nymphs.
Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. As a child he was smuggled out of Mycenae by his sister Electra when Clytemnestra and Aegisthus seized power. He later killed Clytemnestra with the help of Electra and Pylades and was punished by the Erinnyes.
Orion was a giant and son of Poseidon. He was a hunter and very handsome. He was promised the hand of Merope whom he loved if he could ride Chios. He did but was not given Merope so he seduced her. Apollo caused his death at the hands of Artemis who put his image in the stars.
Orpheus was a mythical Greek poet and musician. The son of Apollo and a muse (possibly Calliope), he married Eurydice, who died from the bite of a snake. Orpheus went down to Hades to bring her back and her return to life was granted on condition that he walk ahead of her without looking back. He did look back and Eurydice was irretrievably lost. In his grief, he offended the maenad women of Thrace, and was torn to pieces by them.
In Greek mythology, Pandion was a son of Erichthonius, the King of Athens.
Pandora was a woman made by the gods. She was taken to Epimetheus by Hermes. He made her his wife, against his brother's advice. Pandora came with a sealed vase. Her husband was tempted and opened the vase from which came all the troubles, weariness and illnesses that mankind is now burderned with.
In Greek mythology, Paris was a prince of Troy whose abduction of Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, caused the Trojan War. Helen was promised to him by the goddess Aphrodite as a bribe, in his judgment between her beauty and that of two other goddesses, Hera and Athena. Paris killed the Greek hero Achilles by shooting an arrow into his heel, but was himself killed by Philoctetes before the capture of Troy.
In Greek mythology, Pasiphae was the wife of King Minos of Crete and mother of Phaedra and of the Minotaur. After blaming Aphrodite for her husbands philandering, Pasiphae was punished by being filled with lust for an enormous fire-breathing white bull. Pasiphae persuaded Daedalus to build her a cow shaped wooden framework, and hid inside it while he trundled it into the bull's pasture. The bull mounted the framework and mated with Pasiphae inside. She then became pregnant with the Minotaur.
Pax is an alternative name for Eirene.
In Greek mythology, Peirithous was a King of the Lapiths and a son of Ixion and Dia. He waged war against the Centaurs and helped Theseus carry off the Amazon Antiope and later Helen. He tried to abduct Persephone, but was bound to a stone seat by her husband Hades and remained a prisoner in the underworld.
Pelias was king of Iolcus and half-brother of Jason.
In Greek mythology, Penelope was the wife of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca; their son was Telemachus. While Odysseus was absent at the siege of Troy she kept her many suitors at bay by asking them to wait until she had woven a shroud for her father-in-law, but unraveled her work each night. When Odysseus returned, after 20 years, he and Telemachus killed her suitors.
In Greek mythology, Phaea was the Crommyonium Sow a wild pig said to have been the offspring of Echidna and Typhon. It ravaged the town of Crommyon on the Isthmus of Corinth until it was destroyed by Theseus.
In Greek mythology, Phaedra was a daughter of Minos, King of Crete and Pasiphae. Her unrequited love for Hippolytus led to his death and her suicide. She became renowned as a minor goddess of the moon, barley, myrtle, rain-making and the death of kings. A siren-like Enchantress.
In Greek mythology, Pheme was the goddess of fame. She was a daughter of Gaea.
Pitho was the daughter of Aphrodite. She was the goddess of persuasion.
In Greek mythology, Pleuron was a son of Aetolus and Pronoe and brother to Calydon. He married Xanthippe by whom he fathered Agenor, Sterope, Stratonice and Laophonte. He is said to have founded the town of Pleuron in Aetolia.
Pluto was the Roman name for the Greek god Hades.
Poena was the attendant of punishment to Nemesis.
Polites was a son of Priam and Hecabe. He was killed before them by Neoptolemus.
Pollux was the Roman name for Polydeuces.
Polybus was king of Corinth. He raised Oedipus as his own son.
Polymnia was the muse of song and oratory.
In Greek mythology, Polynices was a son of Oedipus. He and his brother Eteocles were supposed to rule Thebes in alternate years, but Eteocles refused to relinquish the throne, and Polynices sought the help of Adrastus. Polynices and Eteocles killed each other in single combat.
In Greek mythology Polyphemus was the most famous of the Cyclops. He is described as a giant cannibal living alone in a cave on Mount Etna. Odysseus and his companions unwarily sheltered in his cave, and Polyphemus killed and ate four of them before Odysseus intoxicated him with wine and when he fell asleep poked his eye out with a blazing stake. Polyphemus was also the despised lover of Galatea.
In Greek mythology, Priam was the son of Laomedon and Placia. He was originally called Podarces and was still a baby when his father promissed his sister Hesione to Heracles and then broke his word. Heracles sacked Troy and killed Laomedon and all his sons except Podarces whom he sold in the slave market. He was bought by Hesione and she changed his name to Priam.
Priapus was the Greek god of fertility in nature. He was a son of Dionysus and Aphrodite. He was blighted in the womb by Hera, and was born impotent, ugly and so foul natured that the gods refused to have him in Olympus and threw him down to earth where he was brought up by shepherds.
In ancient Greek legends, Procrustes was a robber. He robbed people whilst they slept. If his victim was too short for his bed he was stretched to death. If the victim was too long for his bed, his feet or legs were cut off. Theseus treated Procrustes in the same way.
In Greek mythology, Proteus was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Acrisius. In a dispute between the two brothers over the kingdom of Argos, Proteus was defeated and expelled. He fled to Iobates in Lycia and married his daughter Stheneboea. Iobates restored Proteus to his kingdom by force and Acrisius then agreed to share it, surrendering Tiryns to him. When Bellerophon came to Proteus to be purified for a murder, Sthenebeoa fell in love with him. Bellerophon refused her and she charged him with making improper proposals to her. Proteus then sent him to Iobates with a letter asking Iobates to murder Bellerophon.
In Roman mythology, Psyche was the personification of the passion of love. She was the youngest daughter of the king and queen of Sicily. She was the most beautiful person on the island and suitors flocked to ask for her hand. In the end she boasted that she was more beautiful than Venus herself, and Venus sent Cupid to transfix her with an arrow of desire and make her fall in love with the nearest person or thing available. But even Cupid fell in love with her and took her to a secret place and eventually married her and had her made a goddess by Jupiter.
In Greek mythology, Pygmalion was a king of Cyprus who made an image in ivory of a maiden. He fell in love with the image and asked Venus to endow it with life. She did, and Pygmalion married the maiden.
Rhamnusia was an alternative name for Nemesis.
Sarpedon was a son of Zeus and Europa. He went to Asia Minor and became the king of the Lycians after helping Cilix of Cilicia to defeat them. He helped Troy in the Trojan wars before being killed by Patroclus.
Saturnus was the Roman god of learning and agriculture. He appeared to king Janus and gave lessons on agriculture to his subjects.
The satyrs were attendants to the god Dionysus.
In Greek mythology, Sceiron (Sciron) was a robber who haunted the frontier between Attica and Megaris. He robbed travelers and kicked them into the sea where they were eaten by a tortoise that lived there. He was killed by Theseus.
Silenius was the oldest satyr.
The Sirens (Acheloides) were daughters of the river-god Achelous and a Muse. They had been nymphs and playmates of Persephone, and for not protecting her when she was carried off by Pluto, they were transformed into beings half-woman and half-bird by Demeter. Later they were transformed into half-woman and half-fish. By other accounts they were birds with women's heads and lions' claws. The Sirens lived on a barren island, one of the entrances to the underworld, and whenever ships passed they sang, hoping to entice Persephone. Their singing was so beautiful that no human could resist it, and the ships sailed ever closer to the lips of hell. Each time the Sirens realized that Persephone was not on board, they swooped on the ship and tore its sailor's limb from limb sending their souls unburied to the underworld.
Sol was the Roman name for the Greek god Helios.
Somnus was an alternative name for the Greek and Roman god Hypnos.
Stheino was one of the gorgons.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the Styx was the principal river in the underworld. Styx was the name of a nymph who was the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She dwelt at the entrance to Hades in a lofty grotto which was supported by silver columns. Styx took her children to help Zeus in the fight against the Titans.
Suada is an alternative name for Pitho.
In Greek mythology, Talaus was King of Argos. He was the son of Nias and Pero. Talaus sailed with the Argonauts.
In Greek mythology, Talos was a bronze man given to Europa by Zeus to guard Crete. He would clutch people to his breast and jump into a fire so that they were burnt alive. When the Argonauts in their wanderings came to Crete, and he resisted their landing, Medea killed him.
In Greek mythology, Tantalus was a son of Zeus. He was king of Phrygia, Lydia. He was admitted to the table of the gods, but displeased them and was punished by being put in a lake such that he just couldn't reach the water with his lips, and being tempted by fruit above him which again was just out of reach.
In Roman legend, Tarpeia was a daughter of the governor of the Capitol, who when the Sabines were beseiging the fortress, was bribed by their golden bracelets and collars to open one of the gates to them. On entering they threw their shields on her, killing her. Her name was given to the Tarpeian rock, a cliff on the Capitol over which malefactors were thrown.
In Greek mythology, Tartarus was the part of Hades where the wicked were punished.
Telepylos was the capital city of the Laestrygones.
Terpsichore was the muse of dancing.
There are two descriptions for Teucer, both refer to Greek mythology. The first is that Teucer was the first King of Troy. He was a son of the river god Scamander and Idaea. The second that Teucer was son of Telamon and Hesione and the best archer in the Greek army in the Trojan War. He would have shot Hector if Zeus had not broken his sbowstring.
Thalia was the muse of comedy and burlesque.
In Greek mythology Thanatos (or Mors in Roman Mythology) was the god of death, a son of Night and the twin brother of Sleep. He was frequently regarded with submission, or as coming opportunely, and was represented in the form of a quiet, pensive youth, winged, standing with his legs crossed, often beside an urn with a wreath on it, and holding an extinguished torch reversed. Or, as a personification of endless repose, he appeared in the form of a beautiful youth leaning against the trunk of a tree, with one arm thrown up over his head - an attitude by which ancient artists usually expressed repose. It was probably owing to the spread of the belief that death was a transition from life to Elysium, that in later times this more attractive representation of the god of death took the place of the former repulsive representations, whether as a powerful and violent god, or as a black child in the arms of his mother, Night. Among the figures sculptured on the chest of Cypselus, a description of which we have still in Pausanias, was that of Night carrying twin children in her arms - the one white, representing Sleep, and the other black, representing Death.
In Greek mythology, Theseus was a son of Aegeus and Aethra. He was king of Athens. Stories about him include his slaying of the Minotaur.
A thyrsus was a wand wreathed with ivy leaves, and topped with a pine-cone carried by the Ancient Greeks as a symbol of Bacchus.
In Greek mythology Tiresias was a blindprophet. He was the son of Everus and Chariclo. There are at least two versions of how he became to be blind. In the first he was out hunting and found two snakes coupling in a clearing. He killed the female one at which point Gaia changed him into a woman. Seven years later by chance he (then a she) found another two snakes in the same place and this time killed the male, and was immediately changed back into a man. As he had several lovers while both a man and a woman, Zeus and Hera decided he could settle an argument over which gave better satisfaction in sex, a man or a woman. Tiresias agreed with Zeus that men do, and Hera blinded him in rage, but Zeus rewarded him with prophetic powers. In a second variation, he went blind after seeing Athene bathing, and after plees from his mother Athene compensated Tiresias for his blindness with prophetic powers.
In Greek mythology, the Titans were the 12 sons of Ge and Uranus.
In Greek mythology, Tithonus was a son or brother of Laomedon the king of Troy. He was made immortal by by Zeus at the request of Eos who loved him. However, she neglected to ask that Tithonus be given the gift of eternal youth, so that he withered away in an ever increasing decrepitude. The name Tithonus thus became proverbial for a decrepit old man.
In Greek mythology, Tityos was a son of Gaea and one of the giants. He offered violence to Leto and was killed by Zeus or Apollo. By way of punishment in Tartarus he was stretched on the ground, while two vultures perpetually devoured his liver.
In Greek mythology, Tlepolemus was a son of Hercules. He became king of Argos, but after killing his uncle Licymnius, he had to flee the country. In obedience to an oracle, he settled in Rhodes, and there founded the cities of Lindos, Isalysos and Cameirus. He joined the Greeks in the Trojan war, and was killed by Sarpedon, king of Lycia.
Triton was a Herald of Neptune. In Greek mythology the Tritons were sea-gods with the upper half of a human and the lower part of the body that of a fish. They carried a trumpet which the blew to soothe the waves at the command of Poseidon.
In Roman mythology, Turnus was the son of King Daunus and the nymph Venilia. He was a favourite of Juno, who granted him invulnerability in battle so long as he was pure, honourable and steadfast. In the war between Turnus' people, the Rutulians and the Trojan settlers led by Aeneas, Turnus showed all these qualities, leading his troops with as much dignity and honour as Aeneas himself. But he let his guard slip for an instant, killing the young prince Pallas who had rashly challenged him to single combat and wore his belt as a trophy. Juno withdrew her protection and Aeneas killed him in hand-to-hand combat.
In Greek mythology Typhoeus was a hundred-headed monster who fought with Zeus and was slain by a thunderbolt. Zeus then caged him under Mount Etna.
Ultor (the Avenger) was a title of the Roman god Mars.
Ulysses was the Roman name for Odysseus.
Urania was the muse of astronomy.
In Greek mythology, Uranus was a son of Gaea. He later married Gaea.
Venus was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Aphrodite.
Vertumnus was a Roman god of garden fruits and seasons. He was the husband of Pomona.
Victoria is an alternative name for Nike.
Vulcan was the Roman name for the Greek god Hephaestus.
In Greek mythology, Xuthus was a son of Helen by the nymph Orseis. He was King of Peloponnesus and the husband of Creusa. After the death of his father, Xuthus was expelled from Thessaly by his brothers and went to Athens, where he married the daughter of Erechtheus.