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Tansu Çiller (Istanbul 1946- )

Tansu CillerTurkish politician, member of the Parliament, ex-leader of the True Path Party (Dogru Yol Partisi, DYP). She was Turkey's first woman prime minister from 1993-96's Governments, and has been central in Turkish politics since then. Her politics has been marked by attempts to liberalize both the economy of Turkey and the individual rights of its people. She has over the recent years lost some of her former allies, among them President Süleyman Demirel.

She is graduated as an economist from the Bogazici (Bosphorus) University of Istanbul. She also holds a Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut.

BIOGRAPHY:
1946: Born in Istanbul.
1991 October: Elected to parliament.
1993: She becomes leader of the True Path Party (DYP).
—— She forms a new government, which is lead by the True Path Party.
1995 September: The Republican People's Party (CHP) leaves the government, which forces Çiller to call for early elections.
—— December: Çiller does not achieve the number of votes she needed in the parliamentary elections, as her party only got 19%, 2% less than the winning Islamist Welfare Party (RP).
1996 March: Çiller and the True Path Party (DYP) forms government together with Mesut Yilmaz of the Motherland Party (ANAP), leaving him in the position of prime minister.
—— June: Çiller cooperates with Necmettin Erbakan of the Islamist Welfare Party (RP) in overthrowing her partner Mesut Yilmaz.
—— July: A coalition is forged between Erbakan and Çiller, which leaves Çiller in the position as foreign minister.
1997 June: Ciller is intended to become prime minister, as Erbakan resigns, but President Demirel asked Yilmaz instead to form government.

Today she is not the leader of DYP anymore, and stayed out of the Parliament because of 10% threshold during the elections of 2002. Afterwards, she didn't enter the politics again.

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