Known as "Markasi" in earliest ages, this city, 78 km north of Gaziantep, stands as a site of history, having a long past filled with numerous invasions, was once the capital of Gurgum, a Hittite State in the 12th century BC.
There exists an archaeological museum inside the citadel, where Hittite sculptures are on display. Other important remains in the area are the Ulu (Grand) Mosque and the Tats Medrese, both dating back to the 15th century, together with the Hatuniye and Beyazit Mosque of the Ottoman period.
This province, the original name of which was Maras, had shown such valour during the War of Independence, that it was then given the title "Kahraman", which means of "hero".
The speciality of the region is its famous ice cream well, and worth
trying. Carved wooden furnitures, copper and brass works and handworks
of glided silver thread are also treasured. Caving, hunting, fishing beside
plateaus and picnicking areas are also famous.