Turkish writers and poets 3
Great and famous folk philosopher whose memory has become a legend. His
anecdotes which are verbally transmitted at everywhere where Turkish is spoken
is popular among all classes and levels of people. They also were transmitted to
the everyday language of countries which are neighbors of Turkey;
Clans of Caucasia, Crimea and Idyll vicinity, Turkistan and the lands of
Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan are among them. The fame of Nasreddin Hodja is
gradually spreading all over the world and his anecdotes are being translated into
For more information on his life and jokes, click here.
Famous traveler, he is the first and the greatest representative of travel
literature. He has visited almost all cities and towns of the
Ottoman Empire and
took long trips to foreign lands. His travels covered Anatolia,
Egypt, Crete, Hejaz, Hungary, Poland, Austria, Germany, Netherlands, Crimea
and Caucasia. He tried to cover history, buildings, customs and traditions, and
the famous people in his writings. His travel journal are published in several
One of the most famous and greatest poets of Turkish literature. Fuzuli, who had
a perfect knowledge of Turkish, Arabic and Persian, the three great
languages of the time, has written his collected poems (Divan) in three
different languages. Besides his "kaside", each being a monument, he has given
us the best and the most sensitive examples of lyrical Turkish poetry, "Leyla
ile Mecnun". This famous love and pain "mesnevi", which is considered to be the
most important work of Fuzuli, occupies a special place among the work on the
theme of these tragic and legendary lovers by numerous Turkish and Iranian poets.
In his work titled "hadikad-üs- Sueda he describes the tragedy of Kerbela which
is an extremely sad incident of the Islamic history. This literary piece is one
of the best works produced in Turkish. He also has numerous other works of
The great doctor, scholar and philosopher of the eastern world during the middle Ages. For years, his works were used as text books at western universities. He was a true pathfinder not only in medicine but also in mathematics and physics. The philosophical encyclopedia called "Sifa" (Healing), "Kanun" which is a medical encyclopedia, and books titled "Necat" and "Isarat" and the twenty volume "Kitab-ül- insaf" which comments on total works of Aristotle are among his major works.
Famous Turkish sailor and the first Turkish
marine cartographer born in Gelibolu
(Gallipoli). Piri Reis was both a great sea commander who was heroic and smart
in battle and one of the most important cartographers and sailor writers of his
Starting with his days of piracy, he systematically wrote down his observations. Works he produced written by using the material he found on marine cartography and marine geography and the maps he produced have a distinguished place in history of science. The world map he charted was printed by the Turkish Historical Institution in 1935. This map was presented by Piri Reis to Yavuz Sultan Selim in Egypt in 1517.