He was born in Osmaniye in 1948 . He is from a large Turcoman family in the community known as Fettahogullari.
Dr. Bahçeli has undertaken missions at each stage of idealist Movement from the very beginning and served for the Great Idealist Cause. Dr. Bahçeli, when he was a student in the Ankara Economic and Commercial Sciences Academy in the year 1967, became a Founder of the Idealist Club and a manager. He had the post of Secretary General of the Turkish National Students Federation between the years 1970-1971. While Dr. Bahçeli participated in the Idealist Movement actively, he also maintained his activities in the scientific field.
As of the year 1972, he taught as an instructor in the Ankara Economic and Commercial Sciences Academy and in the Higher Schools under this Academy. He was also one of the founders and presidents of idealist Financiers and Economists Association, of the University, Academy and Higher Schools Assistants’ Association (ÜMID-BIR and ÜNAY). He speaks English well and he had his Doctorate Degree on economy in the Gazi University Social Sciences Institute and continued his carrier in the same university, Faculty of Economic And Administrative Sciences, Department of the Main Science by the year 1987.
Dr. Bahceli, within this time period, was busy with the subjects of Turkish - Islamic world, Turkish and World Economy, Turkish History and Foreign Policy and conducted researches and studies in these fields. After the 12 September 1980 coup d’etat, he conducted activities of defense of the right causes of the members, who have filled the prisons, of the MHP and the Idealist organizations, worth of appreciation.
Dr. Bahceli, upon being called by Leader (Basbug) Alparslan Türkes for mission, has undertaken significant tasks, resigned his post of instruction in the university on 17 April 1987 and he was elected to the party administration in the Great Congress of the MHP and assigned for the post of Secretary General.
His official position in the MÇP (Nationalist Labor Party) and MHP has continued up to now uninterruptedly. At various times, he has assumed many posts such as Secretary General, Assistant Party Leader, Central Executive Board Membership, Central Decision Board Membership, Chief Consultant to the Party Leader, and Dr. Bahçeli was elected as the MHP Leader following the Extraordinary Congress held on 6 July 1997.
He has elected as the Party Leader again in the MHP 5th Ordinary Congress held on 23 November 1997.
After the '99 elections MHP came out as second party and Dr. Bahceli became the Deputy Prime Minister under the Prime Minister, Mr. Bülent Ecevit. But during the general elections of 2002 his party couldn't pass the 10% threshold therefore stayed out of the Parliament. In the elections of 2007 and 2011 his party was able to pass the threshold and thus MHP entered in the