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Kat'i art

Kati art of paper cutoutsKat'i is the art of stenciling intricate designs into leather or paper. The paper could be a simple one or an Ebru (marbling art) paper. In the 15th century delicate and beautifully composed patterns in leather filigree and paper cut-out were practiced with great skills. Ottoman artists, called as "Kati'an", have used it for about 600 years to decorate the bindings of religious and philosophical texts. This art became very popular especially during the times of Suleyman the Magnificent. Besides simple shapes, complex paper cuts were produced that showed colorful flowers, flower gardens or a landscape, calligraphyc decorations and so on, giving way to three-dimensional images.

A "nevregen", a small sharp knife was used to carve into the paper and the leather. The process of pasting was done with a mixture called "cirisli muhallebi". This was a mixture of milk, rice flour and book binder's paste. The surfaces on which the cut-outs were pasted was called "male". Those surfaces on which the cut-outs were directly carved were called "female".

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