Interesting facts about Turkey
- The famous Trojan Wars took
place in Western Turkey, around the site where
the Trojan horse rests today.
- The first church built by man (St.
Peter’s Church) is in Antioch (Antakya), Turkey.
- The oldest known human settlement is in Catalhoyuk,
Turkey (7th Millenium B.C.)
- Ephesus and Halicarnasus
(the place for the two of the Seven Wonders
of the ancient world) are in Turkey.
- St. Nicholas, also known as Santa Claus, was born in Patara and became the bishop of Demre, on Turkey’s Mediterranean
- Noah’s Ark landed on Mount Ararat (Agri
Dagi) in Eastern Turkey.
- The last meal on Noah’s Ark, a pudding of sweet and sour
taste (asure), is still served throughout
- Turks introduced coffee to Europe.
- Turks gave the Dutch their famous
- Istanbul is the only city in the world
built on two continents.
- Istanbul was chosen by the European Union as the European Capital of Culture in 2010.
- There are three suspension bridges on the Bosphorus and two underwater tunnels, connecting the traffic between two continents.
- Tradition in Turkey says that a stranger at
one’s doorstep is considered "God’s guest" for at least three days.
- Turkey is noted for having one of the three most famous and distinctive
cuisines in the world.
- The First Ecumenical Council was held
in Iznik, Turkey.
- Writing was first used by people in ancient Anatolia.
The first clay tablets in the ruins of Assyrian
Karum (Merchant Colony) date back to 1950 B.C.
- The oldest tin mine was found in Göltepe, 60 miles south of
- The first Neolithic paintings found on man-made walls are in Catalhöyük,
- Anatolia is the birthplace of historic
legends, such as Homer (the poet), King
Midas, Herodotus (the father of history),
and St. Paul the Apostle.
- Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words, "Veni, Vidi, Vici (I
came, I saw, I conquered)" in Turkey when he defeated the Pontus,
a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region
- Female goddesses like Cybele
dominated the Central Anatolian pantheon
for thousands of years before these supernatural powers were transformed
to male gods.
- The Hittites sold Abraham the cave where
he buried his wife Sarah, when the Israelites came to Palestine.
- The first church dedicated to Virgin Mary
is in Ephesus.
- Cherry was first introduced to Europe from Giresun
- Turkey has hundreds beaches and marinas which have the "Blue
Flag" (A European award
for the best clean water) on the Mediterranean and
- The first recorded international treaty in the world was the Treaty
of Kadesh between the Hittite and Egyptian Empires,
Hattusilis III and Ramses II, in c.1275 BC.
- The oldest known shipwreck on Earth was
found and excavated in Uluburun near Kas, in the
Mediterranean region of Turkey.
- In 640 BC, for the first time in history, coins made of electrum
were used by the Lydian king Croesus
in Sardis, in Aegean
region of Turkey.
- King Midas with the "golden touch" lived in Gordion, capital of
- Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot
near Ankara. The double knotting technique used
in Turkish rugs is also called as Gordian Knot.
- The Garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis was said to be watered
by a river which separated into four streams as it left the garden; two
of them the Tigris (Dicle) and Euphrates (Firat) rise from the mountains
of Eastern Turkey.
- Early Christians escaping from Roman persecutions found shelter in Cappadocia.
- The Seven Churches of Apocalypse are all situated in the Aegean
region of Anatolia; Ephesus,
Smyrna (Izmir), Pergamum,
Thyatira (Nazilli), Sardis, Philadelphia (Alasehir)
- Sultan Beyazit II dispatched the
Ottoman Navy to bring the Jewish people who were expelled from Spain in
1492 and they were brought safely to the Ottoman lands.
- Istanbul has the historical building of
Sirkeci Train Station. This was the last stop of the Simplon-Orient
Express - "kings of trains and train of kings" - between Paris and
Constantinople (Istanbul) from 1883 to 1977.
Agatha Christie was one of the passengers of this famous train.
- The number of species of flowers in Turkey
is approximately 9,000, of which 3,000 are endemic. In Europe for instance
there are 11,500 species. This shows the richness of flora
and fauna in Anatolia.
- According to the figures of 2000, there are about 9,000 bird species (Aves) in the world, of which 453 are in Turkey.
All About Turkey © Burak Sansal 1996–2019,
a certified professional tour guide in Turkey. Contact Burak at
for all kinds of regular and/or private travel services throughout the country.